The World Health Organization and the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommend simple precautions to reduce exposure to and transmission of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), for which there is no specific cure or vaccine.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick, have a fever or cough;
- Stay home when you are sick;
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe;
- Frequently wash hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or warm water and soap;
- Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth;
- Cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue when sneezing or coughing and promptly dispose of tissue;
- Seek early medical help if they have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, and share their travel history with healthcare providers;
- Avoid direct, unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals;
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked animal products and exercise care when handling raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods.
WHO and CDC expressed profound concern with spiraling costs and lack of supply of personal protective equipment such as face masks for health care professionals and do not recommend that people who are well wearing a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19.
Studies have shown that safety masks limit hand to mouth transmission of viral infections.